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A type of glass mosaic tiles named Smalti tiles was invented during the time of Byzantine Empire. It was made from molten glass and various metal oxides were used for coloring purposes. Smalti tiles were mostly used in mosaics. During this time Constantinople was highly advanced in mosaic crafts and used golden leaves for furnishing.
Those creations are highly regarded even now. With the advent of mass manufacturing process, Smalti tiles were used for making a large number of middle class residences during the 1920s. They are still used for home flooring decorating interiors and can be seen in many European churches.